Bahir Dar Waste Management Strategy

Organisation (Stakeholder)

Bahir Dar City Council - Bahir Dar City Council

Background

Bahir Dar is the capital city of the Amhara National Regional State (one of the 9 national regional states of the Federal democratic republic of Ethiopia), located 560 Km Northwest of Addis Ababa, and the capital city of Ethiopia.  It covers an area of 16000 hectares and has a population of 220, 000(as of 2010).There are more than 800 hotels, juice houses and restaurants, over 200 Governmental and non-Governmental institutions, around 70 clinics and drug shops, 2 universities, above 18,000 households and 7 industries in the city.After 1992  (after it has been chosen by the federal Government to be the capital of the Amhara national regional state) the city is growing fast and the population is also increasing alarmingly parallel to its growth.Bihar Dar has evolved to be a major tourist hub of the country. Lake Tana (where the Blue Nile River starts) and the monasteries in the islands of the lake are major truism attractions.  Because of this the hotel industry is the fast growing industry in the area. There are also few emerging industries in Bihar Dar (textile, agro-processing, tannery and plastic industries). The construction industry is also growing very fast. The observed multifaceted growth has shown a drastic increase in the quality and quantity of wastes generated by different sources. This condition has highlighted the need to look at waste management in an integrated manner; handling municipal, healthcare and industrial wastes being generated in the city.

Approach

To address this situation, the city administration has identified a clear need to assess the current practices of waste management, including quantification and characterization of waste generated from all sources. Gaps in the current waste management system have been addressed by identifying waste recycling and technologies options for treatment and disposal of waste. To develop a supporting framework, there is a need to identify appropriate policy interventions, including economic instruments, and build capacities at the local level for technology specification, procurement and implementation, and monitoring. It is within the above context that Forum for Environment (FfE) of Ethiopia and UNEP have agreed to launch the project on "Development of an Integrated Waste Management Plan for Bahir Dar city". It aims at developing an Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan (ISWMP) to address the issue of solid waste being generated from municipal sources.

Results

  1. Reduced amount of waste using 3R’s (reduce, reuse, and recycle)
  2. Benefits in terms of reduction in local air pollution and GHG emissions
  3. Increased level of material recovery (recycling) at transfer stations
  4. Increased level of resource recovery such as compost
  5. Increased level of energy recovery (gas/fuel/electricity) at treatment plants
  6. Reduced level of waste disposal at landfill and landfill gas recovery
  7. Gives an opportunity to create new jobs to the community and in-turn reduces unemployment

Period of Implementation

Friday, 19. February 2016

Documents

Contact person

Zelalem Getahun

E-mail

zelalemG@yahoo.com

Area of intervention

  • Conceptual Background
  • Implementation Strategy

Region

Africa Eastern Africa

Location

Bahir Dar City Council - Bahir Dar City Council
Bahir Dar
Ethiopia