Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA)
As announced during the climate negotiations 2012 in Doha, Qatar, the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) and the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) of the United Kingdom (UK) jointly established the NAMA Facility, and contributed together an initial €70 million worth of funding to support developing countries showing leadership on tackling climate change and willing to implement ambitious climate protection measures (NAMAs). Due to the overcoming success of the first call for projects of the NAMA Facility, BMUB and DECC are contributing together an additional amount of €50 million to fund a second bidding round for NAMA Support Projects held in 2014. Germany’s contribution comes from the International Climate Initiative (IKI), while the UK Government supports the Facility from the International Climate Fund (ICF).
In the context of international climate change negotiations, NAMAs are considered to be voluntary climate protection measures taken by developing countries, which are included within their plans for national development. These contribute to bringing the respective country on to a low-carbon development trajectory.
The Fund is committed to reverse the depletion of the Earth's ozone layer. It was established in 1991 to assist developing countries in meeting their commitments under the Montreal Protocol. It is managed by an Executive Committee with equal membership from developed and developing countries. The Fund Secretariat in Montreal assists the Committee in this task. Since 1991, the Fund has approved activities such as industrial conversion, technical assistance, training and capacity building accounting over US $3.0 billion.
The Multilateral Fund was established by a decision of the Second Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol in 1990 and began its operation in 1991. The main objective of the Fund is to assist developing country parties to the Montreal Protocol with annual level of consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS) chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons of less than 0.3 kilograms per capita to comply with the control measures of the Protocol. At present, 148 of the 197 Parties to the Montreal Protocol meet these criteria.
The Multilateral Fund is managed by an Executive Committee with equal membership from developed (non-Article 5 countries) and developing countries (Article 5 countries). The Fund Secretariat located in Montreal, assists the Executive Committee in this task. Projects and activities supported by the Fund are implemented by four international implementing agencies.