Organisation (Stakeholder)



We have to credit the military for most of the technology that we consume today. Not only has it made our life better but also through commercialization many lives have been saved, transportation safety has been improved, and communication barriers have been brought down. The GPS (Global Position Service) used in indentify locations and an array of other Mobile and Software applications innovations have their origins from the military.However just as we appreciate what the military and security forces are doing to protect us, our nation, our economy and citizen from international threat posed by terrorist and militia groups such as; Al-Qaeda, Al-shabaab, ISIL, Boko Haram, Lord’s Resistance Army or local unlawful militia groups or organize crimes we too need to be concerned of waste originating from military technology (Hardware and Software) and hazardous material.We need to be deep concern about environmental damage inflicted by armed conflicts including by certain means and methods of warfare (use of electronic hardware and hazardous materials). Therefore being mindful of the importance of safeguarding natural environment in times of armed conflicts for the sake of future generations and to consolidate efforts for the protection of our common environment is of paramount importance.The role of healthy ecosystems and sustainably-managed resources in reducing the risk of armed conflicts will mitigate waste ( e-waste management and hazardous materials) pollutions.In this way goals Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Climate Change goals and an array of other related goals will be realized    


 In this decades conflicts have metamorphose to be a complex activity, hence creating demands   for advanced technological solutions thus development of sophisticated military technologies. Protection of the environment in times of armed conflict calls upon all relevant stakeholders to consider in accordance with their respective mandates, how they could best include a conflict prevention perspective in their activities, where appropriate in their activities towards areas affected by armed conflicts. This also includes importance of the implementation of international law and ethical business practices applicable to protection of environment in areas affected by armed conflict.This emphasizes the importance of environmental protection during armed conflict, while also paraphrase importance of conflict identification, prevention or resolution.It is worth noting that this is captured in 1994 guidelines for military manuals and instructions on the protection of the environment in times of armed conflict of the International Committee of the Red Cross. The questions; is it complied with?Therefore UNEP,GIZ ,NATO and other international bodies are best suited to ensure environmental protection is attained by identifying and reducing the impacts of environmental degradation from armed conflicts, as well as its activities in response to crisis situations in areas affected by armed conflict throughout the world. Based on the strict secrecy of military activities they can further ensure   waste originating from military technology (Hardware and Software) and hazardous material is sustainably disposed. 


 For urban mining (circular economy) also to be holistically sustainable as well as able to alleviate effects of Climate Change there is need for mitigating the environmental impact of activities of transnational organized criminal groups especially on illegal exploitation and trade of natural resources in areas affected by armed conflict some of which are used in the manufacture of electronic equipments.Safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment can be conducive to the enjoyment of human rights. Sustainable development and the protection of the environment contribute to human well-being and the enjoyment of human rights. In situations of armed conflicts pollution from e-waste and hazardous materials used have specific negative effects both on  environmental degradation and on  people in vulnerable situations, including women, men , children, youth, migrants, the elderly and persons with disabilities, as well as marginalized groups and indigenous people.It is critical to stress importance of protecting the environment in times of armed conflict and its restoration in post-conflict period.Facebook; ;

Period of Implementation

Friday, 6. May 2016

Contact person

Eric Guantai



Waste hierarchy

  • Prevention

Waste type

  • Battery
  • E-Waste
  • End-of-Life Vehicle
  • Glass
  • Hazardous Substance
  • Marine litter
  • Metal
  • Oil & Grease
  • Paper & Cardboard
  • Plastic
  • Wood

Area of intervention

  • Technology
  • Operation
  • Management
  • Legal Framework
  • Health Impact
  • Capacity Development



german cooperationFederal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Developmentsupported by The State Government of North Rhine-Westphalia