Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management, SAICM
The Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM) is a policy framework for promoting chemical safety around the world. SAICM’s overall objective consists of achieving the sound management of chemicals throughout their life cycle so that, by the year 2020, chemicals are produced and used in ways that minimize significant adverse impacts on human health and the environment. This “2020 goal” was adopted by the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002 as part of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation. SAICM is a voluntary process (in comparison to the conventions) which aims to develop new international topics that are not yet part of the conventions. The participants include international organisations, NGOs, and industry associations.
SAICM is distinguished by its comprehensive scope; ambitious “2020” goal for sound chemicals management; multi-stakeholder and multi-sectorial character; endorsement at the highest political levels; emphasis on chemical safety as a sustainable issue; provision for resource mobilization; and formal endorsement or recognition by the governing bodies of key intergovernmental organisations.
SAICM is comprised of the Dubai Declaration on International Chemicals Management which expresses high-level political commitment to SAICM and an Overarching Policy Strategy. The Overarching Policy Strategy sets out its scope, needs, objectives, financial considerations, and underlying principles including approaches, implementation and review arrangements. Objectives are grouped under five themes: risk reduction; knowledge and information; governance; capacity-building and technical cooperation; and illegal international traffic.
The Declaration and Strategy are accompanied by a Global Plan of Action which serves as a working tool and guidance document to help support the implementation of SAICM and other relevant international instruments and initiatives. Activities in the plan are to be implemented, as seen appropriate, by stakeholders according to their applicability.