Toward a More Sustainable Trajectory for E-Waste Policy: A Review of a Decade of E-Waste Research in Accra, Ghana



Global flows of e-waste from the Global North to the Global South continue to damage local environments and harm human health. Weak e-waste regulations and limited use of safetymeasures for e-waste workers in Accra, Ghana, foster an exploitative environment within the industry, and pose health risks for those working and living near e-waste processing sites. This paper presents an integrated review of over 40 e-waste studies specific to Accra, with particular emphasis on the well-studied e-waste processing site in Agbogbloshie, and synthesizes the existing research base across interdisciplinary themes of human health, environmental health, globalization, trade and informalization, and public policy. Despite significant international attention to Accra’s e-waste problem, loopholes within international environmental regulations and treaties provide few incentives and resources for Ghana to strengthen protections for human and environmental health. After a decade of e-waste research in Accra, the crisis continues to intensify; we present a renewed vision for sustainable e-waste policy reform in Ghana and beyond.


  • International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health


  • Kurt Daum, Justin Stoler, and Richard J. Grant

Publishing Date




  • English

Waste hierarchy

  • Recycling
  • Recovery

Waste type

  • E-Waste
  • End-of-Life Vehicle
  • Hazardous Substance
  • Metal
  • Plastic

Area of intervention

  • Research
  • Informal Sector
  • Health Impact


  • Western Africa


  • Ghana

Groups audience

- Private group -

german cooperationFederal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Developmentsupported by The State Government of North Rhine-Westphalia