Cost Assessment of Environmental Degradation due to Solid Waste Management Practices : Model guidebook



Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) remains one of the key challenges that is facing the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Countries benefiting from the Regional Solid Waste Exchange of Information and Expertise Network in the Maghreb and Mashreq Countries (SWEEP-Net). The SWEEP-Net Partner Countries (SNPC) are: Mauritania, Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Tunisia, Palestine
and Yemen.
The SWEEP-Net partner countries are increasingly facing critical issues related to sustainable municipal waste management from pre-collection to treatment and disposal in their capital cities. These challenges are taking their toll on health, environmental, economic and/or social issues. Detailed social cost valuations of these issues were not thoroughly performed in the past. The Cost of Environmental Degradation (COED) allows to value national and regional pollution degradation notably from the solid waste
chain. Moreover, the COED assessment could lead to better informed decisions and priorities in resource allocation. Also it provides local institutions with the necessary tools to speak in monetary terms to their national ministries and in particular with the ministries of finance, to other relevant authorities and to the public with regards to different types of municipal solid waste degradation costs and the policies required to mitigate these costs.
In early 2014, SWEEP-Net launched in cooperation with CMI (The Center for Mediterranean Integration) a sectoral analysis on the COED and remediation, due to municipal waste management practices
in the capital cities and their agglomerations in Greater Beirut (Lebanon), Greater Rabat (Morocco), and Greater Tunis (Tunisia). The principal objective was to: (i) assess the legal, institutional, regulatory and financial framework; (ii) quantify the degradation and remediation of the environment due to municipal waste management practices in monetary terms; and (iii) assist decision-makers at national and local levels to identify and prioritize specific actions to improve the integrated solid waste management (SWM) practices. Three COED reports and policy notes were respectively prepared and discussed at a joint meeting with the three countries’ representatives at CMI in Marseilles on April 23-24, 2014 and subsequently presented at the SWEEP-Net Fourth Regional Forum in Amman in May 13-14, 2014.
A comparative policy note was prepared with the purpose to: (a) present similarities and differences of the COED due to municipal waste management in the three capitals and their agglomerations; (b) propose indicators to estimate the COED in other cities of the respective Middle East and North Africa countries; and (c) propose policy implications resulting from the COED studies.
After several meetings, there is a shared vision in order to (i) gather competencies for the realization of knowledge products; (ii) mutualize efforts for dissemination activities; and (iii) gain visibility and reach a broader audience, especially decision-makers.

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german cooperationFederal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Developmentsupported by The State Government of North Rhine-Westphalia